If Paddy Kenny leaves QPR this summer he will do so after two very eventful seasons at Loftus Road. Test your knowledge of the R’s keeper by seeing how many of these five questions you can answer correctly.[wp-simple-survey-50]Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
[vemba-video id=”van/sc/2019/04/27/bang_964d1ae0-12cc-49b8-85c3-435f349afa1f”]Now that the Warriors were moving on to face the Rockets, coach Steve Kerr reflected on the series against the upstart Clippers.At postgame news conference, he said Los Angeles brought the best out of his team. He credited them for their resilience and execution that pushed the series to a surprising Game 6. The big difference in the finale was the performance of Warriors forward Kevin Durant, who scored 50 points, …
Cloud computing is all about “abstracting servers,” turning actual hardware into virtual machines and moving them out of your organization so you don’t have to worry about them. Big data’s non-relational databases and Hadoop clusters perform a similar level of abstraction on database administration. Software-defined networks (SDNs) may do the same thing with networking.SDN promises to make high-capacity networks cheaper to build and especially to re-configure on the fly – as well as potentially faster and more efficient. As more and more computing moves to the cloud, those network improvements will be critical to keeping everything affordable and available.It won’t be just cloud environments that will get SDN benefits, either. SDN could enable corporate networks to be reconfigured on-the-fly. Imagine being able to plug in a multimedia-intensive device in a conference room and the network adapting to effortlessly handle the sudden new load without grinding the rest of the building’s network traffic to a staggering halt. Or re-arranging cellular networks during a disaster to deliver connectivity when and where it matters most. That’s no doubt why analysts like IDG are predicting the business of SDN hitting $2 billion by the year 2016. But Software Defined Networks are incredibly complicated, so even as many networking professionals look forward to SDNs as the best thing since sliced bread, others are scratching their heads and wondering if the IT hype machine has gone completely off the rails.Who’s right? To answer that question we need to look at exactly what is a software-defined network, and how do you create them?Here’s The SDN TheoryThink about a traditional network and everything that entails. You have your routers, your switches, and lots and lots of CAT5 and CAT6 cable strung around: all physical hardware that, when connected in a certain way, defines the flow of data in the organization. Like laying down a network of highways, planning a network takes time; it has to be done right the first time because shuffling things around afterward is expensive.A network has to do two big things: deliver data and manage the flow of that data. If I am downloading a video from California, the network knows to get it to me here in Indiana. Shunting the data through India and Europe would not be the most efficient way to do it – unless, of course, some big physical failure occured between here and the West Coast that required the signal to be sent the long way around the planet.Inside a company, the same thing happens on a smaller scale. Data is passed back and forth, and that traffic is usually managed by software inside the physical devices – software that knows how to manage the day-to-day operations of the workplace.With cloud computing, the physical servers that hold the virtual machines are still networked together with the same routers and switches that are used in a workplace network. But the demands on that physical network can be much, much greater – at times – than anything your employees can dish out. (Which, really, is the whole point of using the cloud in the first place.)What SDN does is this: Assume you have the network cable laid out between every physical server in the cloud environment and all of the optimized routers and switches. The SDN layer essentially acts a virtual software switch or router in place of (or in conjunction with) the physical network devices.So instead of software embedded in the routers and switches managing the traffic, software from outside the devices takes over the job. The network layout, or topography, is no longer rooted in the physical. Instead, it’s flexible and adjustable to the systems’ needs on the fly.Properly implemented, this means an application running inside the cloud itself can take over the job of directing networking traffic. Or a third-party cloud-management application could do the job. That could make it easier to perform tasks such as load balancing devices across servers and automatically adjusting the network architecture to deliver the fastest and most efficient data paths at the right time.Rules Of The SDN RoadThere are risks involved in this kind of networking – namely those stemming from how complicated these kinds of operations can be.Traditionally, networking “decisions” have been left in the hands of the the devices on which the network actually runs. That’s what they are meant to do. Taking the control away from these specialized devices and the embedded software that runs them could be the prelude to a networking disaster, unless everything is done exactly right.Done improperly, this would be akin to letting every driver in Cleveland have independent control of all the traffic lights in town. Chaos. This is why there’s a gap between theorizing about SDN and actually implementing it.Right now, the Open Networking Foundation’s OpenFlow protocol and the Linux Foundation’s new OpenDaylight project are two open source projects working to establish a set of SDN traffic rules that applications can use to prevent such chaos.These protocols would also vastly simplify the work of application developers, who would not have to learn the nuances of networking control, but rather just call on one of these tools to handle the heavy lifting for planning the right path through a network, based on an application’s need.Think of it like getting a police escort through a strange city. You don’t have to know anything about the city or worry about stops – you just get in your car and follow the vehicles with the flashing lights, trusting that they know what they’re doing and where they’re going.SDN Benefits Could Be WidespreadBecause of its complexity, SDN won’t take off right away. But once SDN is implemented, the benefits will be immediately apparent. Cloud computing environments controlled by SDN will see significant increases in speed and efficiency, since their networks will be optimized for the applications running in that cloud environment. Corporate and mobile networks are also likely to gain benefits from SDN implementations.IT will have to lay down the rules of the road first, but no one can deny there is big potential in software-defined networks to bring more adaptable networking resources to businesses and consumers alike. Cloud Hosting for WordPress: Why Everyone is Mo… Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Tags:#networking#software defined networking How Intelligent Data Addresses the Chasm in Cloud Related Posts Serverless Backups: Viable Data Protection for … brian proffitt
Whether you’re creating a low-budget short or a multi-million dollar feature, follow these considerations for creating a comprehensive (and realistic!) film budget.No matter what your budget, there is always one constant: creating a budget for your film should surely guarantee that every dollar will be spent wisely. A properly constructed budget will allow you to look critically at all of your departments, which in turn provides you with much needed clarity on critical decisions that need to be made throughout the process. For example: How much do you need to set aside for star talent (if any)? What elements can you, or need to, barter for if the budget is very low? Is it better to rent or buy gear? What can you get for free? What are the largest unavoidable expenses?To begin the budgeting process, I recommend breaking things down into the 4 following major categories, all of which are standard to just about any film budget:Pre-Production ~10%Production ~35%Post-Production ~35%Distribution and Marketing ~20%Understanding your needs, ahead of time, for each of these basic components of the filmmaking process will keep you organized and ultimately make your life that much easier.Pre-ProductionPre-production is comprised of all the items you must address in the beginning phases of your production up until the day you go to shoot your film. In this stage, your budget will account for items such as location scouting, insurance, office expenses, courier services, script fees, casting director rate, and just about anything else that you need to pay for before actually getting to set. Theoretically, pre-production should be the easiest to predict in terms of cost and if you’re shooting a low or micro-budget film, this stage will likely be the cheapest of the four components of your budget (no more than 10%).ProductionFor films of any scale, production is often where the most amount of money is spent, simply because there are more unavoidable costs during this stage. Big ticket items such as paying your cast and crew, location permits, gear rentals (including the camera, lenses, filters, rigs, tripods, and extra batteries), insurance etc. are all items that necessarily will need to eat into your budget. Other line items such as catering, lodging (if necessary), transportation costs for cast and crew and makeup are also big considerations, but some of these can be mitigated by thinking outside of the box. For instance if you’re really on a shoestring budget, you might be able to get a local catering company to sponsor your film, ultimately bringing down your food line item.During production it’s wise to keep a “miscellaneous fund” or rather a contingency of money that isn’t accounted for in case you incur unforeseen expenses such as repairing equipment that breaks or renting additional gear that will help you get the most out of your shots. As I mentioned earlier, the majority of film budgets are spent during production (not including huge blockbusters that spend the most on marketing), but regardless I typically recommend designating about 35% of your budget to actually shooting your film. As you will see in the sections that follow, both post-production and marketing deserve just as much attention and funding.Post-ProductionI always advise leaving a healthy portion of your budget for post-production, even if you aren’t making a heavily post-driven film (such as a VFX spectacle or action movie). No matter what genre you’re working in, if you skimp out in post your film will suffer and the money you spent in production will be somewhat wasted. Post-production funds will go towards your editor, colorist, sound designer, composer, and the rest of your post team. Not to mention you may need money for music licensing, stock footage, and deliverables (like a DCP for festival screenings).Personally, I recommend allocating about 35% of your budget for post-production (the same as your production budget). This may seem like a lot, and many filmmakers choose to put more into production, but you will be doing your film a disservice by cutting corners in this department. Your final audio mix alone is worth its weight in gold, as clean audio will literally make your film more valuable when you go to sell it. I’ve seen some films completely ruined in post production because of a lack of funds…and these were films with great scripts and great production/cast/crew behind them. Without enough budget or time left over for post, the final products just didn’t work.Distribution and MarketingOnce you’ve got the final master of your film, it’s time to start pushing it out into the world. It’s rare that independent filmmakers allocate a sufficient amount of budget to marketing, but this should really never be the case. After all, without marketing dollars no one will ever see your movie.To start, you need to create a strategy to reach your audience and eventually turn a profit. There are cost efficient options such as blogging or reaching out to other bloggers/online publications in hopes that they will share your films trailer or write a review. As well, social media outlets such as Facebook, Twitter, and Vimeo can be instrumental in your films success on a grass roots level if you really push things on those platforms.That said, you will also want to account for the following, more costly, items marketing in your budget: A website for your film, screenings at various theaters, film festival applications, local ad campaigns, and hiring a publicist (if needed). Like any other phase mentioned here, make note of what can be done on your own and what bartering options are available to you within your network to keep your costs down. In any case, do your best to allocate at least 20-30% of your funds to marketing, and be prepared to do most of the leg work if you are trying to keep the costs down.There is no one-size-fits-all budget format, and ultimately you must create a budget that is most in-line with your film’s needs. However it is essential that you create a well thought out, organized budget for your project to ensure that all bases are covered when it comes to the four important elements of filmmaking. Familiarizing yourself with the film’s needs ahead of time will make the entire process (and your life) easier.When you begin itemizing your expenses, be sure to gain a clear understanding of what you can contribute to the process on your own and who you can utilize in your network to lend your film a helping hand. After you’ve worked out these essential details don’t forget to include some breathing room by creating a “contingency” fund, which will go toward miscellaneous or unforeseen expenses you may (and likely, will) incur when setting out to make your film.
Acting Vice-Chancellor of the Manipur University K. Yugindro Singh has apologised to Governor Najma Heptulla for stating that she extended “overt support” to agitators during a recent stir at the varsity, a Raj Bhavan official said on Wednesday.Prof. Singh wrote to the Officer on Special Duty/Secretary to the Governor on October 8 and apologised for his “incorrect and inappropriate” remark, he said.Prof. Singh, in a letter written to the the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development on October 3, had claimed that Ms. Heptulla questioned his taking charge as V-C of the central university and expressed her support in favour of the agitators, during a meeting on September 21. “I, hereby, humbly and respectfully tender my unconditional apology to the Governor of Manipur for incorrect and inappropriate statements made by me, including breach of protocol and propriety, related to the Governor,” Prof. Singh said in the letter. He said during the meeting the questions asked by the Governor were not fully understood by him because of “mental stress”. “I had inadvertently made incorrect and inappropriate understanding of the questions of the Governor,” he said.
Before Unmukt Chand’s brilliant unbeaten 111 in the Under-19 World Cup final-Wasim Akram called it the finest junior innings he had ever seen-only two others had scored centuries in the tournament’s summit clash. Yet, mention Brett Williams (Australia) and Stephen Peters (England) to the average cricket fan, and you are,Before Unmukt Chand’s brilliant unbeaten 111 in the Under-19 World Cup final-Wasim Akram called it the finest junior innings he had ever seen-only two others had scored centuries in the tournament’s summit clash. Yet, mention Brett Williams (Australia) and Stephen Peters (England) to the average cricket fan, and you are likely to get a blank stare. Peters, now nearly 34, never won an England cap, despite making more than 12,000 runs in first class cricket, while Williams played only four first-class games before fading away.Unmukt ChandClick here to EnlargeAfter India’s victory at the Under-19 World Cup in Malaysia four years ago, Virat Kohli, who captained the side, said: “I told the boys that we had to go out there and play the game of our lives.” Kohli has gone on to become a star, with a remarkable 13 one-day international (ODI) centuries from 87 innings. In January, he also scored his first Test hundred-against Australia in Adelaide.But for most of his teammates, that day in Kuala Lumpur will always be the highlight. For every Kohli or Yuvraj Singh, man of the tournament when India’s Under-19s emerged triumphant in 2000, there are dozens of others for whom the junior final is the zenith.Baba AparajithClick here to EnlargeRavneet Ricky topped India Under-19’s batting charts in 2000, but last played for the Punjab Ranji team in 2008. Shalabh Srivastava, who took 14 wickets for the class of 2000, was recently banned for five years after being found guilty of agreeing to fix a domestic game.At a function to honour the 2008 winners, Rahul Dravid spoke of how difficult the transition would be. “I just want you to remember that of the boys who won the U-19 World Cup in 2000, only one member (Yuvraj) was part of the Indian team (that won the three-nation CB Series) in Brisbane today,” he said. “It’s something for you to think about. I played for the U-19s in 1991, and was the only one in my team to go on and play for India. This is the start of a critical phase in your lives. What you do from here on is what matters.”advertisementHarmeet SinghClick here to EnlargeWith Indian cricket staring transition full in the face, it’s no surprise that there’s so much excitement over the Under-19 World Cup heroes. But Unmukt apart, most of them are not even guaranteed starting places with their Ranji Trophy sides. While this victory puts them in the limelight, the hard work starts now.Two of Kohli’s Under-19 colleagues, Ravindra Jadeja and Saurabh Tiwary, also earned the India cap. Neither is close to being a regular though. Manish Pandey, the first Indian to score an ipl century, is another who has yet to make the grade.Unmukt, who has made a habit of summoning up big innings when the team needs it most, clearly has the mental strength to make the leap. Baba Aparajith, who dug the team out of a deep hole against Pakistan in the quarter-final-they were 8 for 3 at one stage-has shown similar mettle, while it was Harmeet Singh who closed out that game by holding his nerve in the face of unrelenting pressure.Sandeep Sharma, who swung the ball prodigiously while also landing yorkers almost at will, and Kamal Passi, who impressed with both bat and ball, were other players to catch the eye. But as Dravid said, it’s what they do from here that will determine whether they emulate Kohli and Yuvraj rather than the what-might-have-been stories.-The author is editor-in-chief of Wisden India.
Mild to severe swelling and bruising can accompany a sprain to the ankle. Bruising usually indicates tearing of ligament tissue and a more severe sprain.Review Date:2/19/2011Reviewed By:Linda Vorvick, MD, Medical Director, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, University of Washington School of Medicine; and C. Benjamin Ma, MD, Assistant Professor, Chief, Sports Medicine and Shoulder Service, UCSF Dept of Orthopaedic Surgery. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.