Why the gender wage gap is not as simple as 86c to €1

first_imgA report published by Institute of Fiscal Studies showed that women are paid 18% less than men in the UK, however when women become mothers this balloons to a massive 33%. The latest figures from the EU Commission shows that Irish women earn 14.4% less than Irish men, an increase on the 12.6% gap recorded in 2008. Across Europe the average woman earns 16.4% less than her male colleagues.Although women make up nearly half of the workforce (46%),  only one in ten board members are women. In the bottom 10% of earners, the pay gap is 4%, but this rises to 24.6% for the top 10% of earners. The National Women’s Council of Ireland commented that this suggests “the continued presence of a glass ceiling and indirect discrimination”. The glass ceiling refers to the concept that women can only rise so far, only to metaphorically hit their head on a “glass ceiling”.The report’s author, Robert Joyce said; “Women in jobs involving fewer hours of work have particularly low hourly wages, and this is because of poor pay progression, not because they take an immediate pay cut when switching away from full-time work. Understanding that lack of progression is going to be crucial to making progress in reducing the gender wage gap.”A possible solution to this is to put in place more childcare resources so as even as mothers, they can return to work. It is also important in a  technologically driven world to encourage women to branch out into some of the more traditionally male-oriented STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) jobs.Transparency with relation to how much a company pays each employee could also be a step in the right direction, as women will then be more inclined to negotiate a higher wage with their employer if they know that their male counterpart is earning more for the same work.Why the gender wage gap is not as simple as 86c to €1 was last modified: August 24th, 2016 by Elaine McCalligShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:gender pay gapifsnational womens council of irelandlast_img read more

Can Naturalism Design Anything?

first_imgPhilip Ball in the Sept. 23 issue of Nature1 gave a title to a news feature that might catch a reader off guard and think he is allowing the Intelligent Design Movement to have a voice in a scientific debate: “Enzymes: By chance, or by design?”  Upon further reading, however, it is clear the debate is between materialists and materialists.  He has no Intelligent Designer in mind but natural selection. Most biologists would scoff at the idea that their subject is simply applied quantum mechanics.  But for some enzymes – the catalysts of biology – quantum effects may be an important part of the way they work [see 09/16/2004 headline].  This revelation has left chemists and biologists arguing about whether enzymes have evolved to do this, or whether the effect would happen regardless of the enzymes’ activity.   (Emphasis added in all quotes.)So a personal Designer or God is the last thing on Ball’s mind, despite the title.  His debate is whether enzymes take advantage of quantum mechanical efficiencies by chance, or whether natural selection designed them to do so.  “The debate shows little sign of being resolved quickly.  And until it is, we must remain uncertain about the limits of nature’s ingenuity,” he concludes.1Philip Ball, “Enzymes: By chance, or by design?”, Nature 431, 396 – 397 (23 September 2004); doi:10.1038/431396a.It’s a sign someone is so drunk on his worldview that he has lost touch with reality when he incorporates the lingo of his opponents and fails to see the contradiction.  Ball cannot use the word design, nor the word ingenuity.  He is a naturalist, a materialist, and the realm of ideas cannot be circumscribed by material substances and remain ideas.    Like Ball, the astronomer Robert Jastrow is also a materialist.  Jastrow defined materialism in the Q&A section of the new film The Privileged Planet (see 09/01/2004 headline) as follows: “I believe the world consists entirely of material substances, and when you specify those substances, the atoms and molecules, and the laws by which they interact, you’ve done it all; there isn’t anything more to be said or to enter into your model of the universe.”    A materialist is forced to explain the illusion of ideas in terms of atoms and forces, like trying to explain love in terms of the photons that reach a man’s retina when he sees a woman, and the neural responses and biochemical reactions that result.  But this approach commits the self-referential fallacy.  C. S. Lewis pointed out that if love can be explained via brain biochemistry, so can explanations.  Therefore, one has no way to judge whether his explanation is true, because the idea of truth is merely a complex interaction of molecules (see 06/16/2004 and 06/03/2004 headlines).    Evolutionists commit this fallacy all the time.  They shift seamlessly between strict materialism and pantheism.  Pantheism is merely a cloak for materialism; it allows a materialist to personify nature and equivocate with terms like design and ingenuity, when such terms fall within the realm of ideas.  Evolutionists cannot see that they are assigning the attributes of deity to material substances: intelligent design, wisdom, and autonomous self-existence.  To be consistent, they could never assume that natural selection designs anything with uncanny ingenuity.  When they do, they illogically make nature into a god.    Jastrow saw this.  He began with the quote shown on the top right of this page, then said “I’m what’s called in philosophy a materialist” and defined it as quoted above.  Then he continued: “That’s what my science tells me, and I’ve been a scientist all my life, but I find it unsatisfactory; in fact, it makes me uneasy.  I feel that I’m missing something.”  Jastrow, author of God and the Astronomers, a book that illustrated the discomfort other materialist astronomers felt when confronted with evidence for a beginning to the universe, is now an elderly man.  Sadly, having rejected the only answer that fits the evidence – supernaturalism – he ended his comments, “but I will not find out what I’m missing within my lifetime.”  Would that he had followed C. S. Lewis’s logic, that a longing for meaning that cannot be satisfied by anything in this world must have an object beyond it.  At least Jastrow feels the hangover.  Ball is apparently too drunk on materialism to feel anything.(Visited 6 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Junior Boks thrash USA in JWC opener

first_imgEnglandSouth Africa’s next match, against England on Sunday, should be the group decider after the English defeated hosts France 30-6 in their opening clash. England also beat the French in the Six Nations Championship and finished top of the table. They finished the game by crossing the USA’s try line for what should have been the try that took them past 100 points, but captain Ruan Steenkamp had the ball knocked free of his grasp in the act of touching down and three figures were not reached. ‘A great start’“We are happy we have come through this and it was a great start for us.” At scrumhalf, Stefan Ungerer enjoyed a fine game, delivering crisp service, kicking accurately, and making a number of incisive breaks. “It was important for us to get a good start,” he told the IRB. “It was a game we expected to do well [in], but it was a difficult start as we know the other games will be harder. Goal kicking 6 June 2013 Up front, the blond locks of huge flanker Jacques du Plessis were hard to miss. He was around the ball throughout the contest and shone on both attack and defence. In Group B, Ireland, who shocked South Africa in their first match of the 2012 JWC, defeated southern hemisphere opposition again, downing Australia 19-15. The team’s goal-kicking, especially that of Handre Pollard, the only holdover from the 2012 title winning team, was poor as only seven of 16 tries were converted, while the referee blew both halves short by about two-and-a-half minutes each. Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo materialcenter_img They should have topped 100 points again on Wednesday, but they did at least come away with the biggest winning margin in the history of the event. BenchWith victory secured so early in the game – South Africa led 54-0 at the break – coach Theron was able to give the players on the bench a good run out. New Zealand did the expected as they thumped Fiji, who lost a player to a red card and were at one stage down to 13 men, by 59 points to 6. South Africa began the defence of their IRB Junior World Championship (JWC) title with a massive 97-0 thrashing of the USA at the Stade Henri Desgrange in La Roche-sur-Yon, France on Wednesday. Only twice previously has a team topped the 100-point mark in the JWC, and on both occasions it was South Africa, which also beat the Americans 108-18 in 2008 and Fiji 104-17 in 2011. Both victories included a record 16 tries, a mark which the boys in green and gold matched in their 97-0 triumph. Semi-finalists from last year, Wales and Argentina, both won comfortably in their first outings, with the Welsh seeing off Samoa 42-3 and Argentina outplaying Scotland 44-13. Winger Seabelo Senatla matched a JWC record by crossing for four tries. He, fullback Cheslin Kolbe and centre Justin Geduld are members of the South African Sevens Squad for the Sevens World Cup and all three exhibited the skills that have served them so well in that format. While coach Dawie Theron was happy to start with a win, it’s doubtful he learnt much from the one-sided thrashing. Surprisingly, considering the result, near the end of the game the Americans managed to lay siege to the South African try line, but the Baby Boks were up to the challenge as they made sure they kept a clean sheet.last_img read more

Govt to buy potatoes from farmers to stop suicides

first_imgA day after a potato farmer allegedly committed suicide after suffering heavy losses, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Tuesday said her government will purchase 28,000 tonnes of potatoes, required for Anganwadi centres and midday meal programme, directly from farmers. Her announcement comes at a time when potato farmers across the State are facing a severe crisis — at least two of them have committed suicide — due to the sharp drop in prices following this years’ bumper crop.Krishak Dibas“We have decided to buy 28,000 tonnes of potatoes directly from the farmers which we need every month for the Anganwadi centres and the midday meal programme. The government will buy potatoes at ₹4.60 per kg,” she said. Ms. Banerjee was speaking at a government programme on Krishak Dibas (Farmers’ Day) observed by the Trinamool Congress government on March 14 to pay tribute to those who died during the anti-land acquisition movements at Singur in Hooghly district and Nandigram in Purba Medinipur district. As per the projected estimates of the State government, the number of schools (up to Class VIII) to be covered under the midday meal scheme is 83,673 and the number of students is about 1 crore. According to potato merchants, this is the first time that the TMC government is directly purchasing potatoes from farmers.The development comes a day after a potato farmer allegedly committed suicide due to losses in farming in the Anandapur area of Paschim Medinipur district’s Keshpur block. According to his family, Swapan Hajra (45) committed suicide after sustaining “heavy losses” in potato farming. ‘Heavy debt’“He incurred a large debt for cultivating potatoes in four bighas (1.60 acres) of land,” Mr. Hajra’s son Indrajit told journalists.The Opposition, however, is sceptical whether the move will be beneficial for the potato farmers. “This is nothing but a face saving move. If the TMC government is really bothered about the farmers they would have purchased potato from them at a much higher rate,” said CPI-M district secretary of Paschim Medinipur Tarun Roy.last_img read more

Heroes rise as athletics fuels Philippine gold drive

first_imgTrenten Anthony Beram, who ruled the 200-meter sprint late Wednesday night, is a math major at University of Connecticut back in the United States.READ: SEA Games: PH athletics team delivers 2 golds before day’s endFEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSBoxers Pacquiao, Petecio torchbearers for SEA Games openingBut Beram’s academics temporarily took a back seat to athletics as he helped save the day for Team Philippines, which was headed to a gold-less outing late Wednesday until Beram and decathlete Aries Toledo reeled in a victory each.“I knew that I was coming in as a rookie; nobody knows me so it is good to put my name out there,” said Beram. SEA Games: PH’s Lois Go settles for bronze in Ladies’ golf Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ MOST READ “I though top three (in the men’s 200) would be good so winning the gold is a bonus,” added Beram, who crossed the finish in 20.96 seconds.While most athletes based abroad are recruited, Beram is a certified “walk-in.”READ: SEA Games: Cray strikes gold in 400m hurdles He reached out to the Philippine Track and Field Association wanting to join its weekly relays.“He went straight to us and inquired how to go about playing for Philippine team,” said athletics official Edward Kho.ADVERTISEMENT Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. View comments Born to a Filipino mother from Cebu City, Beram worked to obtain dual citizenship to be able to represent the Philippines here.Beram shocked the field with a gold medal performance in the 200m dash. He was to see action in 400m and relays in the coming days.READ: Tabal delivers first gold medal for PH, rules women’s marathon“The hard work paid off,” said Beram. “This is only the beginning.”Toledo also proved himself a hero at Bukit Jalil National Stadium, gritting through pain to emerge victorious.“I did everything I needed to do even if I was hurting all over—my back, my arms (during the javelin throw) and my whole body,” said Toledo in Filipino. “I told God to help me because I wanted to come through for the Philippines.”The 24-year-old Toledo, who hails from Nueva Ecija, finished with 7,433 points to snare the gold.Also winning gold for athletics were Mary Joy Tabal, who captured the country’s first victory when she ruled women’s marathon, and Eric Cray, in 400m hurdles. Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo Hotel says PH coach apologized for ‘kikiam for breakfast’ claim Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ Mark Harry Diones, who won silver for men’s triple jump event, Anthony Beram, who won gold in men’s 200 meters, and Aries Toledo also won gold in Men’s Decathlon, in the Southeast Asian Games in Kuala Lumpur on Wednesday night. INQUIRER/ MARIANNE BERMUDEZKUALA LUMPUR— Athletics continues to lead the way or Team Philippines in the 29th Southeast Asian Games here, with four gold medals already in the bag.One of those golds came from someone who would be comfortable being labeled either a jock or a nerd.ADVERTISEMENT LATEST STORIES Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Biggest Pogo service provider padlocked for tax evasion Celebrity chef Gary Rhodes dies at 59 with wife by his side Trump signs bills in support of Hong Kong protesters NATO’s aging eye in the sky to get a last overhaul Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games03:07PH billiards team upbeat about gold medal chances in SEA Games05:25PH boxing team determined to deliver gold medals for PH03:04Filipino athletes share their expectations for 2019 SEA Games00:45Onyok Velasco see bright future for PH boxing in Olympics02:25PH women’s volleyball team motivated to deliver in front of hometown crowd01:27Filipino athletes get grand send-off ahead of SEA Games00:36Manny Pacquiao part of 2019 SEA Games opening ceremonylast_img read more