colin cowherd criticizes coach kOregon knocked Duke out of the NCAA Tournament Thursday night, and if you missed it, the end of the contest was a little dicey. Ducks star Dillon Brooks, on his team’s final possession, launched and hit a three-pointer that was inconsequential to the score – and then celebrated the shot. Duke head coach Mike Krzyzewski reportedly told Brooks in the handshake line that he is “too good” of a player to be showing off.As you’d imagine, the hot takes regarding the incident are coming from all angles. Friday morning, FOX Sports radio host Colin Cowherd got involved, criticizing Coach K for the move. The gist? Cowherd doesn’t like how college basketball coaches try to control everything – including the players. He doesn’t think it was Krzyzewski’s place to talk to Brooks..@ColinCowherd on Coach K: You’re getting trounced. You don’t get an opinion on what another player is doing.https://t.co/mJPrsT08OK— Herd w/Colin Cowherd (@TheHerd) March 25, 2016What do you think? Was Coach K out of bounds or is this being blown out of proportion?
Mumbai: Actors Aamir Khan and Saif Ali Khan have reportedly been locked for the Hindi remake of the Tamil hit Vikram Vedha. The Hindi remake will be titled Vikram Veda. Vikram Vedha draws inspiration from the folk tale of Raja Vikramaditya and the spirit, Betaal, and imagines the tale in a modernday set-up. In the film, Vikram is a top cop gunning for a criminal named Vedha. The cop manages to capture the criminal several times through the story, but each time the criminal gives him the slip by distracting him with an interesting new story about his life. The stories also change the cop’s perception towards his life and duty. The film will have Aamir essay the antagonist with grey shades, while Saif will be seen in the role of the righteous police officer.
The AER says they continue to work with the company, the RCMP, and local fire department to ensure all safety and environmental requirements are met during the response to the incident. FAIRVIEW, A.B. – Canadian Natural Resources Limited had experienced a fire, on Wednesday, March 20, at their gas plant in Fairview, Alberta.The Alberta Energy Regulator responded to a Canadian Natural Resources’ tank fire approximately 12 kilometres southwest of Fairview.According to the AER, the fire had started at around 8:00 p.m. and was extinguished at approximately 11:40 p.m.
FORT ST. JOHN, B.C. – The City of Fort St. John was host to the second Open House at the North Peace Cultural Centre on Saturday, August 10, to review the proposed updates to the City’s Zoning Bylaw.City Planning Manager, Renee Jamurat, says they heard feedback from residents and members of the community on Zoning Bylaw changes such as Integration Zones from when the city had officially expanded its boundaries in 2016, receiving land that was once within the jurisdiction of the Peace River Regional District.Updates to the Zoning Bylaw also include looking at items such as cannabis-related land uses, Development Permit Areas, and lot design regulations. All feedback from the community will then be considered for incorporation into the Zoning Bylaw updates.The proposed Zoning Bylaw updates will then be presented to City Council, for approval, in the Fall.For more information, you can visit letstalk.fortstjohn.ca.
Kolkata: Election officials of the North Kolkata Parliamentary constituency segment have initiated various steps to reach out to the specially-abled voters under its jurisdiction and encourage them to exercise their electoral franchise.Braille-enabled Electronic Voting Machines (EVM) will be arranged for visually-impaired voters, officials are visiting the homes of the specially-abled persons to know about their disabilities and locations, a ramp will be put up on the ground with handrail so that wheelchairs can be rolled on the them and some of them will picked up from home and dropped back after the voting process. The North Kolkata will go to poll in the seventh phase of Lok Sabha elections on 19 May. The district election officer (DEO) of North Kolkata, Dibyendu Sarkar, has already directed the other election officials to make all the necessary arrangements to ensure a pleasant voting experience for all the specially-abled voters. The officials have also been asked to chalk out a detailed plan to help differently-abled voters to exercise their franchise without any difficulties. The office of the DEO has already carried out a survey to identify these voters and their locations in order to make special arrangements for them on the day of poll. The poll personnel have started visiting their homes to know about their disabilities and what kind of assistance they would need to reach polling booths to cast their votes. They have been asked to collect details of the locations and contact numbers of such voters. According to district election officer Dibyendu Sarkar, there are altogether 1,500 differently abled voters in North Kolkata. The election officials have prepared a list of these voters with the data provided by the Kolkata Municipal Corporation and the office of the commissioner for persons with disabilities. “We are making necessary arrangements for the differently-abled voters at the polling stations. A ramp will be put up on the ground with handrail so that wheelchairs can be rolled on the ramp. Voters with physical deformities need not to stand in the queue and they will be allowed to cast their votes the moment they step into the booth,” Sarkar said. Sarkar further said: “Braille-enabled Electronic Voting Machines will be arranged for visually-impaired voters. There will be special arrangements for elderly voters as well. We have decided to arrange 150 wheelchairs in North Kolkata. Vehicles and wheelchairs will be arranged for persons requiring special assistance. We have already spoken to various organisations and NGOs to arrange for wheelchairs. Arrangements will be made to pick up these individuals from their homes and drop them back after voting.” An audio-visual documentary for specially-abled people has been released by the District Election Officer where these voters have been urged to cast their votes. The video will encourage the specially-abled people to take part in the election process, said a senior election official.
BENGHAZI – Three Libyan tribesman have been killed in fighting that grew out of disputes between army units under conflicting orders over who controls key resources in the country’s east, officials said Monday.Another five people were wounded in the fighting between Toubou and Zuwayya tribesmen on Sunday night in Ajdabiya, 160 kilometres (100 miles) south of Benghazi.The clashes were sparked by fighting on Friday between one unit made up of Zuwayya, under the orders of the general staff, and a Toubou unit that takes its orders directly from the defence ministry, an official explained. At stake was control over oil wells and an agricultural water reservoir in Al-Sarir, 600 kilometres south of Benghazi, he added.Five soldiers were killed in the fighting on Friday, and clashes broke out between Zuwayya and Toubou in Ajdabiya the following day after the soldiers’ burial that spilled over into Sunday.The Zuwayya, who are Arab, and the Toubou, who are black, have a long history of conflict.Following the overthrow of long-time dictator Moamer Kadhafi in 2011, tribal unrest broke out in parts of Libya, particularly in the south and west, prompted by a settling of grudges or competition for control of smuggling across the country’s borders.Since Kadhafi’s ouster, Libya’s authorities have struggled to impose their authority and stem rising lawlessness.
Annisul Huq. File photoDhaka North City Corporation mayor Annisul Huq passed away on Thursday. He was 65.A businessman-turned mayor, he was kept on life support at the intensive care unit (ICU) of a London hospital for cerebral vasculitis. He was also diagnosed with complications in his lungs and some infections in the blood.He went to London on a personal trip on 29 July last. On 13 August, he was admitted to hospital after falling sick.According to his family members, the doctors of the London hospital removed the ventilation apparatus from his mouth around 4:23pm in London time, declaring him dead.They said Annisul’s body will be taken to Bangladesh on Saturday morning and he will be buried at Banani graveyard after all the necessary funeral ceremonies.
LEFT: Simulation surface configuration. Illustration of the 3D simulation repeat unit, with 2D cross section showing labeled structural parameters. RIGHT: Quantification and mechanisms leading to the CAH (contact angle hysteresis) for reentrant and doubly reentrant geometries at zero applied pressure. (A) (i) CAH dependence on both the area fraction Fr and total cap height Dr. Symbols indicate the depinning mechanism upon receding, with purple diamonds indicating a hybrid mechanism. (ii and iii) Comparison of the bridge-, edge-, and lip-depinning receding models (solid lines, color-coded) against the simulated θr (data points); examples shown with varying Fr at fixed Dr = 0.05 and 0.35. The ±1° error bars in the simulation data are too small to be seen. (B) 3D visualization of the advancing liquid-vapor interface (shown in blue); the advancing direction is indicated by a black arrow. Black and red lines indicate the center and edge 2D cross sections that are also presented (right). (C) (i to iv) Visualizations of the major four receding mechanisms. The receding direction is indicated by black arrows. Credit: Science Advances, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aav7328 , Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Journal information: Science Advances In this way, the scientists developed highly versatile computational techniques to study any mesoscopically structured surface in contact with multiple fluid phases. The multifaceted optimization strategy can be further improved for reliability and scalability to couple with recent advances in fabrication including 3-D printing and lithographic methods to efficiently design real-world superomniphobic surfaces. In materials science, surfaces that strongly repel low surface tension liquids are classified ‘superoleophobic,” while high surface tension liquid repellants are ‘superhydrophobic’ and surfaces that display both characteristics are ‘superomniphobic.” Superomniphobic surfaces are at the frontiers of surface design for a vast array of applications. In a recent study, J. R. Panter and co-workers at the Department of Physics and Procter and Gamble Co. in the U.K. and the U.S. developed computational methods to systematically develop three key surface wetting properties. These included contact angle hysteresis, critical pressure and a minimum energy wetting barrier. In the study, the scientists developed quantitative models and corrected inaccurate assumptions within existing models. When studying the third parameter on minimum energy transition mechanisms, the scientists identified three failure mechanisms. For instance, a surface design failure can be initiated through a broad range of additional perturbations including flow, vibration, evaporation, condensation, droplet impact, changing electrical and magnetic fields or thermal fluctuations at the nanoscale. In real-world applications, failure could be initiated by a combination of perturbations. To fabricate a texture resistant to failure, Panter et al. therefore combined the maximum energy pathway (MEP) to account for a worst case scenario of combined failures. They identified three transition pathways as (1) base contact (BC), (2) pillar contact (PC) and (3) cap contact (CC), then quantified each barrier across the structural parameter space. Thereafter, they assessed the likeliest mechanism of energy transition for a given surface geometry. The scientists then conducted simultaneous optimization of the identified structural features to maximize critical pressure, minimize the energy barrier and maximize the CAH. For this, they performed optimal design of two membranes for applications on water purification and digital microfluidics. Panter et al. also showed that a genetic algorithm could be used to efficiently locate the optimum design in the parameter space and design more complex structures for special wettability applications. Critical pressure analysis for reentrant and doubly reentrant geometries. (A) Contour plots of ΔPc variation with Fr and Hr for reentrant (i) and doubly reentrant (ii) geometries. Data points mark the critical height at which the failure mechanism switches from Base Failure (BF) to Depinned Cap Failure (DCF) or Pinned Cap Failure (PCF), and error bars indicate the uncertainty in this height due to the diffuse interface width. Solid and dashed white lines show the critical height based on the capillary model and 2D model, respectively. (B) Model fits to ΔPc of the Cap Failure mechanisms at Hr = 0.25 for reentrant (i) and doubly reentrant (ii) geometries. (C to E) The three failure mechanisms shown in 3D, with associated diagonal cross sections. Critical pressure liquid morphologies are shown in blue, the vapor phase is shown in white, and the interface is indicated with a black solid line. Red regions show how the unstable meniscus evolves upon increasing ΔP above ΔPc. (D and E) Under-cap views, highlighting the shapes of the contact lines at the critical pressure. (F) Details of the 3D horizontal (3DD) and 3D diagonal (3DH) capillary bridge models used, showing the inner and outer circumferences (blue) against the system configuration. The 3D illustration compares the simulated liquid-vapor interface (light blue) to the horizontal capillary model (dark blue). Credit: Science Advances, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aav7328 Explore further Simultaneous optimization of the three wetting properties for membrane distillation and digital microfluidics applications. (A) (i) 3D contour plot of the membrane distillation scoring function at fixed Hr = 0.3, Ar = 0.05, and tr = 0.05. Each surface is a surface of constant score. (ii) A 2D slice of the 3D contour plot at the optimal Lr = 0.17. Square data points show the initial (white), second (light gray), fifth (dark gray), and final (black) generations of the genetic algorithm, projected onto the 2D plane. (B) Scoring function for the digital microfluidics application, projected onto the Hr = 0.3 plane at fixed B = 100 μm, also showing the successive generations of the genetic algorithm population. Credit: Science Advances, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aav7328 Making a splash is all in the angle Video shows the pillar contact (PC) mechanism for a doubly reentrant geometry at θ° = 60° a surface property identified in the study. Credit: Science Advances, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aav7328 Panter et al. combined these analyses simultaneously to demonstrate the power of the strategy to optimize structures for applications in membrane distillation and digital microfluidics. By antagonistically coupling the wetting properties, the scientists implemented a multifaceted approach to optimally design superomniphobic surfaces. Using genetic algorithms, they facilitated efficient optimization for speedups of up to 10,000 times. The results of the study are now published on Science Advances. Superomniphobic surfaces have physical micro- and nanotextures that allow low-surface-tension liquids (oils and alcohols) to remain suspended on a vapor-filled surface structure. This liquid-shedding ability can promote efficient droplet mobility with low viscous drag , with transformative potential across a broad range of applications. These include sustainable technologies for water purification, antimicrobial strategies in biomedicine, anti-fingerprint coating techniques, reducing food waste and versatile biochemical technologies, at the global scale. Recent breakthroughs in microfabrication have allowed the formation of complex structures at the micrometer scale resolution, including three-dimensional (3-D) printing technology, fluidization of polymer micropillars and lithographic methods. Despite these highly versatile techniques, materials scientists and physicists still seek to understand how to precisely design surface structures for optimal performance in real-world applications. A successful omniphobic design must demonstrate three key wetting properties to include (1) a low contact angle for maximum liquid mobility, (2) high critical pressure for stability of the superoleophobic state, and (3) a high energetic barrier to failure. Due to complexities of surface design, uniting computational and experimental studies can be expensive and time-consuming to understand this basis. In the present work, Panter et al. overcame the challenges of designing superomniphobic wetting properties by first designing computational strategies to understand the effect that structural parameters had on the three defined criteria. To illustrate the importance of multifaceted optimization they used two relevant examples of water purification via membrane distillation and droplet-based digital microfluidics. The scientists developed a genetic algorithm to efficiently perform simultaneous optimizations with speedup to 10,000 times. This versatile approach can be coupled to recent innovations in complex surface microfabrication techniques to offer a transformative approach to surface design. The scientists first simulated the liquid vapor interface advancing and receding along a single row of surface structures to obtain their respective contact angles and contact angle hysteresis (CAH, i.e., the difference between advancing and receding contact angles). They arranged the variable dimensions in a square array and observed the hysteresis to be identical for both reentrant and doubly reentrant geometries (geometries with very low liquid-solid contact fraction). Using the simulation, the scientists observed four dominant receding mechanisms to describe and model them in the present work. Thereafter, using the new models Panter et al. qualitatively tested the receding models proposed in previous studies to verify their accuracy. They analyzed the energetic changes to obtain the angle at which receding became energetically favorable to form the optimal receding angle. Unlike simulations of CAH, the second parameter of interest on critical pressure was sensitive to the reentrant or double reentrant surface geometry. The scientists observed three failure mechanisms in the critical pressure study and quantified them as a function of the structural parameters. When they compared quantification in the present work with simulation data, they detected prevailing and widely used critical pressure models introduced in previous studies to be considerably oversimplified. For instance, poor description of the liquid-vapor interface morphology prompted manufactured structures to be many times smaller and mechanically weaker than necessary. By developing a more sophisticated model in the present work, Panter et al. achieved both quantitative accuracy of the critical pressures and successfully modeled the desired complex interfacial morphologies. More information: J. R. Panter et al. Multifaceted design optimization for superomniphobic surfaces, Science Advances (2019). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aav7328 Arun K Kota et al. The design and applications of superomniphobic surfaces, NPG Asia Materials (2014). DOI: 10.1038/am.2014.34A. Tuteja et al. Robust omniphobic surfaces, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2008). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0804872105 A. Tuteja et al. Designing Superoleophobic Surfaces, Science (2007). DOI: 10.1126/science.1148326 , Science Demonstrating a failure mechanism identified in the study, video shows the base contact (BC) mechanism for a doubly reentrant geometry at θ° = 60°. Credit: Science Advances, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.aav7328 © 2019 Science X Network Citation: Multifaceted design optimization for superomniphobic surfaces (2019, June 28) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-06-multifaceted-optimization-superomniphobic-surfaces.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Contrary to the timeless proverb, you can teach an old dog new tricks and though they may be slow learners, they display superior logic than puppies, reveals a new study.Using a series of touchscreen tests, researchers from Austria conducted a study on the effect of ageing on cognitive processes such as learning, memory and logical reasoning in pet dogs of varying ages.The study provides measures associated with normal cognitive ageing in Border collies — fast learning popular breed of pet dog — and thus could be used as a basis for breed comparisons as well as early recognition and treatment of certain cognitive deficits, said the researchers from the Messerli Research Institute at Vetmeduni in Vienna. Older dogs learn more slowly and displayed lower cognitive flexibility, the study showed. The older dogs required more trials than younger ones before they were able to solve the given task correctly, the research said. “The test showed that older dogs are less flexible in their way of thinking than younger ones. As in people, older dogs find it more difficult to change old habits or what they have learned,” said Lisa Wallis from the Messerli Research Institute at Vetmeduni in Vienna.Dogs’ logical reasoning improved with age, revealed the study. The older the dog, the better it performed, while younger dogs were unable to master the tasks given, probably because older dogs more stubbornly insist on what they have learned before and are less flexible than younger animals, the researchers said.The tests also revealed that dogs’ long-term memory is not affected by age.
A new report prepared for the Senate Intelligence Committee by the cybersecurity firm, New Knowledge was released yesterday. The report titled “The Tactics & Tropes of theInternet Research Agency” provides an insight into how IRA a group of Russian agents used and continue to use social media to influence politics in America by exploiting the political and racial separation in American society. “Throughout its multi-year effort, the Internet Research Agency exploited divisions in our society by leveraging vulnerabilities in our information ecosystem. We hope that our work has resulted in a clearer picture for policymakers, platforms, and the public alike and thank the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence for the opportunity to serve”, says the report. Russian interference during the 2016 Presidential Elections comprised of Russian agents trying to hack the online voting systems, making cyber-attacks aimed at Democratic National Committee and Russian tactics of social media influence to exacerbate the political and social divisions in the US. As a part of SSCI’s investigation into IRA’s social media activities, some of the social platforms companies such as Twitter, Facebook, and Alphabet that were misused by the IRA, provided data related to IRA influence tactics. However, none of these platforms provided complete sets of related data to SSCI. “Some of what was turned over was in PDF form; other datasets contained extensive duplicates. Each lacked core components that would have provided a fuller and more actionable picture. The data set provided to the SSCI for this analysis includes data previously unknown to the public.and..is the first comprehensive analysis by entities other than the social platforms”, reads the report. The report brings to light IRA’s strategy that involved deciding on certain themes, primarily social issues and then reinforcing these themes across its Facebook, Instagram, and YouTube content. Different topics such as black culture, anti-Clinton, pro-trump, anti-refugee, Muslim culture, LGBT culture, Christian culture, feminism, veterans, ISIS, and so on were grouped thematically on Facebook Pages and Instagram accounts to reinforce the culture and to foster the feelings of pride. Here is a look at some key highlights from the report. Key Takeaways IRA used Instagram as the biggest tool for influence As per the report, Facebook executives, during the Congressional testimony held in April this year, hid the fact that Instagram played a major role in IRA’s influence operation. There were about 187 million engagements on Instagram compared to 76.5 million on Facebook and 73 million on Twitter, according to a data set of posts between 2015 and 2018. In 2017, IRA moved much of its activity and influence operations to Instagram as media started looking into Facebook and Twitter operations. Instagram was the most effective platform for the Internet Research Agency and approximately 40% of Instagram accounts achieved over 10,000 followers (a level referred to as “micro-influencers” by marketers) and twelve of these accounts had over 100,000 followers (“influencer” level). The Tactics & Tropes of IRA “Instagram engagement outperformed Facebook, which may indicate its strength as atool in image-centric memetic (meme) warfare. Our assessment is that Instagram is likely to be a key battleground on an ongoing basis,” reads the report. Apart from social media posts, another feature of Instagram platform activity by IRA was merchandise. This merchandise promotion aimed at building partnerships for boosting audience growth and getting the audience data. This was especially evident in the black targeted communities with hashtags #supportblackbusiness and #buyblack appearing quite frequently. In fact, sometimes these IRA pages also offered coupons in exchange for sharing content. The Tactics & Tropes of IRA IRA promoted Voter Suppression Operations The report states that although Twitter and Facebook were debating on determining if there was any voter suppression content present on these platforms, three major variants of voter suppression narratives was found widespread on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, and YouTube. These included malicious misdirection (eg: tweets promoting false voting rules), candidates supporting redirection, and turnout depression ( eg: no need to vote, your vote doesn’t matter). The Tactics & Tropes of IRA For instance, few days before the 2016 presidential elections in the US, IRA started to implement voter suppression tactics on the Black-community targeted accounts. IRA started to spread content about voter fraud and delivering warnings that “election would be stolen and violence might be necessary”. These suppression narratives and content was largely targeted almost exclusively at the Black community on Instagram and Facebook. There was also the promotion of other kinds of content on topics such as alienation and violence to divert people’s attention away from politics. Other varieties of voter suppression narratives include: “don’t vote, stay home”, “this country is not for Black people”, “these candidates don’t care about Black people”, etc. Voter-suppression narratives aimed at non-black communities focused primarily on promoting identity and pride for communities like Native Americans, LGBT+, and Muslims. The Tactics & Tropes of IRA Then there were narratives that directly and broadly called out for voting for candidates apart from Hillary Clinton and pages on Facebook that posted repeatedly about voter fraud, stolen elections, conspiracies about machines provided by Soros, and rigged votes. IRA largely targeted black American communities IRA’s major efforts over Facebook and Instagram were targeted at Black communities in America and involved developing and recruiting Black Americans as assets. The report states that IRA adopted a cross-platform media mirage strategy which shared authentic black related content to create a strong influence on the black community over social media. An example presented in the report is that of a case study of “Black Matters” which illustrates the extent to which IRA created “inauthentic media property” by creating different accounts across the social platforms to “reinforce its brand” and widely distribute its content. “Using only the data from the Facebook Page posts and memes, we generated a map of the cross-linked properties – other accounts that the Pages shared from, or linked to – to highlight the complex web of IRA-run accounts designed to surround Black audiences,” reads the report. So, an individual who followed or liked one of the Black-community-targeted IRA Pages would get exposed to content from a dozen other pages more. Apart from IRA’s media mirage strategy, there was also the human asset recruitment strategy. It involved posts encouraging Americans to perform different types of tasks for IRA handlers. Some of these tasks included requests for contact with preachers from Black churches, soliciting volunteers to hand out fliers, offering free self-defense classes (Black Fist/Fit Black), requests for speakers at protests, etc. These posts appeared in the Black, Left, and Right-targeted groups, although they were mostly present in the black groups and communities. “The IRA exploited the trust of their Page audiences to develop human assets, at leastsome of whom were not aware of the role they played. This tactic was substantiallymore pronounced on Black-targeted accounts”, reads the report. IRA also created domain names such as blackvswhite.info, blackmattersusa.com, blacktivist.info, blacktolive.org, and so on. It also created YouTube channels like “Cop Block US” and “Don’t Shoot” to spread anti-Clinton videos. In response to these reports of specific black targeting at Facebook, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) returned a donation from Facebook and called on its users yesterday to log out of all Facebook-owned products such as Facebook, Instagram, and Whatsapp today. “NAACP remains concerned about the data breaches and numerous privacy mishaps that the tech giant has encountered in recent years, and is especially critical about those which occurred during the last presidential election campaign”, reads the NAACP announcement. IRA promoted Pro-Trump and anti-Clinton operations As per the report, IRA focussed on promoting political content surrounding pro-Donald Trump sentiments over different channels and pages regardless of whether these pages targeted conservatives, liberals, or racial and ethnic groups. The Tactics & Tropes of IRA On the other hand, large volumes of political content articulated anti-Hillary Clinton sentiments among both the Right and Left-leaning communities created by IRA. Moreover, there weren’t any communities or pages on Instagram and Facebook that favored Clinton. There were some pro-Clinton Twitter posts, however, most of the tweets were still largely anti-Clinton. The Tactics & Tropes of IRA Additionally, there were different YouTube channels created by IRA such as Williams & Kalvin, Cop Block US, don’t shoot, etc, and 25 videos across these different channels consisted election-related keywords in their title and all of these videos were anti-Hillary Clinton. An example presented in a report is of one of the political channels, Paul Jefferson, solicited videos for a #PeeOnHillary video challenge for which the hashtag appeared on Twitter and Instagram. and shared submissions that it received. Other videos promoted by these YouTube channels were “The truth about elections”, “HILLARY RECEIVED $20,000 DONATION FROM KKK TOWARDS HER CAMPAIGN”, and so on. Also, on IRA’s Facebook account, the post with maximum shares and engagement was a conspiracy theory about President Barack Obama refusing to ban Sharia Law, and encouraging Trump to take action. The Tactics & Tropes of IRA Also, the number one post on Facebook featuring Hillary Clinton was a conspiratorial post that was made public a month before the election. The Tactics & Tropes of IRA These were some of the major highlights from the report. However, the report states that there is still a lot to be done with regard to IRA specifically. There is a need for further investigation of subscription and engagement pathways and only these social media platforms currently have that data. New Knowledge team hopes that these platforms will provide more data that can speak to the impact among the targeted communities. For more information into the tactics of IRA, read the full report here. Read Next Facebook, Twitter takes down hundreds of fake accounts with ties to Russia and Iran, suspected to influence the US midterm elections Facebook plans to change its algorithm to demote “borderline content” that promotes misinformation and hate speech on the platform Facebook’s outgoing Head of communications and policy takes the blame for hiring PR firm ‘Definers’ and reveals more