Threats and Challenges to Human Security in the 21st Century

first_imgBy Dialogo March 19, 2013 Several opinion polls performed by different public and private agencies measuring current levels of perception of security for Brazilian citizens, show that between 55% and 70% of the Brazilian population do not feel safe, stating that they are conditioned to the change of habits and customs as a way of prevention and protection. In the last chapter, the reader will understand the reasons why Woloszyn uses Baltasar Gracian’s reflection in the beginning of the book. To see the entire criminal network and the actors who are part of it is a true puzzle and it requires an extremely complex task for strategists from the Public Security Forces to put an end to the myopia that blinds the governments all over the world and that exposes them to criminal organizations that emerge each day. “Not all who see have opened their eyes, nor all who look, see. To realize something too late brings no relief, only sorrow. Some start to see when there is nothing left to see.” It is with this reflection from 17th Century Spanish philosopher Baltasar Gracian that André Luís Woloszyn, former analyst for the Strategic Affairs Secretariat of Brazil’s Office of the President, opens the recently published “Threats and Challenges to Human Security in the 21st Century”, to be officially released on April 10, 2013, by “Cultura do Bourbon” Shopping Country bookstore, in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. About the author – André Luís Woloszyn holds a degree in Strategic Intelligence by the War College for Strategic Intelligence, holds degrees in Criminal Science and Public Security Politics Management, and has published dozens of articles on sites and specialized magazines in Brazil as well as internationally. He is a consultant for international organizations on terrorism and conflicts of low and medium intensity affairs and he is also the author of “Global Terrorism”, a book published by the Brazilian Army’s library, BIBLIEX. He regularly writes for Defesanet, a portal specialized in defense, strategy, intelligence, and security. Based on his nearly 20 years of experience with Public Security, the author states that, “The analysis of issues such as drug, weapons, human trafficking, criminal organizations, money laundering, regional gangs, chemical and biological weapons, cyber-attacks, and other emerging subjects, show the trends and estimates, especially for Brazil, that have reached global visibility in the political and economic world. All these subjects are considered sensitive, some characterized as crimes. Because of their nature, their characteristics, and the extent of support networks, they result in serious implications on the governability of many countries, compromising the progress and the regional development, and challenging the government policies and international organizations.” Woloszyn is emphatic in stating that the current trends are giving rise to these phenomena, which is becoming a serious threat to the security and development of many countries, and justifies a reason for concern to government authorities.” He also believes that Brazil may suffer terrorist attacks during the World Cup and the 2016 Olympic Games. The final pages discuss human trafficking and the challenges in combating this type of crime, a reality currently seen in Brazilian soap opera “Salve Jorge”, about the drama that women who are invited to Turkey to be models undergo when they become victims of prostitution. Through this viewpoint, Woloszyn’s work shows that public security and its facets seems to be a difficult task for governments from all over the world in the midst of cyberspace advancement, especially for those who are short-sighted, or have already been blinded by the criminal organizations that arose in the years following the Cold War. After the official release, the book will be available for purchase at bookstores throughout Brazil, including “Cultura Livraria” bookstores. Those who wish to do so may also purchase a copy directly from Schoba Press from: http://www.editoraschoba.com.br/livraria. The English version will be released in July 2013. The book has 212 pages with some pictures, diagrams, and maps, and it will be released by Schoba Press. It presents a general overview on Brazil’s national public security and criminal organizations involved in cybercspace and clearly and objectively introduces the main characteristics of groups such as the FARC, in Colombia; and the Mara Salvatrucha (or MS-13) gang from Central and North America, , the largest and most violent organization linked to drug trafficking and many other crimes. The book includes chapters on terrorism, drug trafficking, money laundering, and the destruction power of chemical and biological weapons. last_img

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