Steve Biko: a life too short

first_imgSteve Biko said of dying: “You are either alive and proud or you are dead, and when you are dead, you don’t care anyway.” Steve Biko’s book I write what I like, is a collection of his writings.(Images: Steve Biko Foundation)MEDIA CONTACTS• Steve Biko Foundation+27 11 403 0310RELATED ARTICLES• Biko’s legacy lives on• Alice Walker to explore Biko ties• New trail to honour struggle fallenLucille Davie & Janine ErasmusBantu Steven Biko would have been 67 years old today. But he died at the hands of the apartheid security police at the age of 31.He was born just outside King William’s Town in the Eastern Cape in 1948 and was a tall, handsome man with a charismatic personality. Biko was a founder member of the South African Students’ Organisation, from which the Black Consciousness Movement developed, with the slogan “Black is beautiful”.Biko said in his book I Write What I Like: “When you say ‘Black is beautiful’ you are saying, ‘Man you are okay as you are, begin to look upon yourself as a human being’.”From the students’ organisation, a number of umbrella organisations were formed, one of which was the Black People’s Convention, which played a role in the Soweto riots of 1976. In the uprising, school children took to the streets to protest against the imposition of Afrikaans as a medium of instruction. Hundreds died on the day, but it ultimately led to the unravelling of apartheid.In 1973 Biko was banned and confined to the Eastern Cape. After the 1976 riots he was repeatedly arrested and by his final arrest on 18 August 1977 he had been in and out of jail repeatedly, including spending 101 days in solitary confinement.He was held naked and manacled at the Walmer police station in Port Elizabeth. On the morning of 6 September he was taken to the security police offices in the Sanlam Building and interrogated until 6pm, when he was again handcuffed and shackled.He was examined and transferred to the prison hospital and given a lumbar puncture which revealed blood in his spinal fluid. It was decided to transfer him to Pretoria, a 1 200 km journey that took 11 hours, with Biko lying naked in the back of a Land Rover. He died on 12 September 1977 in the Pretoria prison hospital later that night.Worldwide outcryHis death caused a worldwide outcry which temporarily stopped the deaths in detention but they resumed a year to two later. In all 115 people died in prison between 1963 and 1990. Biko was the 41st South African to die in police custody. Only two decades later, during testimony before the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, did members of the security police admit that they were responsible for his death.His wife, Ntsiki, said of his death in detention: “I think Steve expected to die in the hands of the security police. I think all of us expected it. But Steve was prepared to sacrifice his life for the black cause. He felt his work was so important that even if he died it would be worth it.”And Biko himself said of dying, in his book I Write What I Like: “You are either alive and proud or you are dead, and when you are dead, you don’t care anyway. And your method of death can be a politicising thing.”Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu wrote the foreword to the book: “How deeply indebted we are to Steve, acknowledged as the father of the Black Consciousness Movement. Reconciliation needed Black Consciousness to happen, because reconciliation is a deeply personal thing happening between those who acknowledge their unique personhood, and who have it acknowledged by others.”EducationHis parents believed in the value of an education, and made sure all their children received schooling.Although his school career was outstanding, Biko’s political ambitions were threatening to overtake it. He was expelled from the missionary school Lovedale House just three months after he started there. He completed his education at the liberal Catholic boarding school St Francis, near Durban, in KwaZulu-Natal and then enrolled for a medical degree at the University of Natal, now the University of KwaZulu-Natal.Here he began to devote more and more energy to his political career. He joined the multi-racial National Union of South African Students (Nusas), but was unable to progress through its leadership ranks because power was held by students attending white universities. Frustrated, Biko founded the South African Students’ Organisation (Saso) in 1968, which was only for black students.The main aim of this new organisation was to educate and convince black people that they were not inferior to white people, as they had been repeatedly told and had come to believe. This was the seed of the Black Consciousness Movement (BCM). According to Biko, it was only by breaking away from this negative mindset that black people could rise above their desperate situations and “break the chains of oppression”.The apartheid government had been monitoring Biko’s political activities, and eventually banned him in 1973. This meant that he could not talk to more than one person at a time, was not allowed to leave King William’s Town, had to report to the police station once a week and was prohibited from writing anything about the BCM.But Biko’s commitment to the cause was so strong that for the next few years he defied the banning order by speaking at meetings and covertly distributing his Frank Talk publication. Through the BCM he also held educational classes in health, dressmaking and general literacy.The BCM’s influence was felt in the Soweto riots of 1976. The event is now commemorated annually on 16 June, Youth Day.Steve Biko FoundationThe principles that he stood for live on today through a series of programmes run by the Steve Biko Foundation.Based in Johannesburg, with an office in King William’s Town, the foundation exists to carry on the late leader’s work and ideals, especially that of community development, which is a key element of the restoration of dignity and a sense of worth and identity to people.“We investigated other organisations that walked the path of preserving the legacies of people like Malcolm X, Martin Luther King, and Nelson Mandela,” said his son and chief executive officer, Nkosinathi Biko, “before we established our own organisation.”The foundation focuses on a three-part strategy. Firstly, it promotes dialogue and advocacy around issues of significance to the public. This mainly takes the form of two high-profile lectures: the Steve Biko Memorial Lecture and the Robert Sobukwe Memorial Lecture in honour of the late Pan Africanist Congress founder. The PAC was a breakaway political party, from the ruling African National Congress.The foundation’s second thrust is to promote leadership development in South Africa.The third focus is a research and policy unit that will investigate development aspects such as education, housing and poverty alleviation, as well as the intangible aspects of culture and history.The Steve Biko Centre, in a township near King William’s Town, aims to translate global interest in the legacy of Steve Biko into a developmental resource for the region.Biko is buried in the Steve Biko Garden of Remembrance, also in King William’s Town.last_img read more

Wikipad: The New Tablet/Game Console

first_imgTags:#gaming#web 4 Keys to a Kid-Safe App Related Posts 5 Outdoor Activities for Beating Office Burnout Meet the Wikipad, the gamer’s tablet. Work hard, play hard. With an attachable game controller, and pre-orders now available, this could be the new must-have item for game aficionados this holiday season.It emails, it takes pictures, it lets you play video games with a real controller. For $499, you can get the lightweight, 10.1-inch tablet, which is being built by a company called Wikipad and one of the leading videogame retailers, GameStop.Wikipads will be in its stores by late October. While the Wikipad is not the first tablet designed for gaming (don’t forget the $200 Archos), it is the first (as far as we know) to offer a dedicated console-like controller.Plus, it supports a slate of top-notch videogame platforms. You’ll be able to stream and play games found on Android, PlayStation Mobile, Tegra Zone, Google Play and Gaikai, all calibrated to be played with the Wikipad’s attachable joystick.Whether there’s a market for a dedicated game tablet is debatable, but it can’t be denied that the public loves tablets for, among other things, playing games. The Wikipad’s external controller, coupled with savvy product placement and promient shelf space at GameStop’s 6,500 stores could make it a winner.center_img adam popescu 12 Unique Gifts for the Hard-to-Shop-for People… 9 Books That Make Perfect Gifts for Industry Ex…last_img read more

Forget Skeuomorphism: The (Digital) World Is Getting Flatter

first_imgRelated Posts How to Write a Welcome Email to New Employees? Tags:#user interface design Computer interface design is all about metaphors: That’s not really a window or a desktop or a menu you’re using… it’s just a clever approximation of the real-world items sketched out on the screen. One designer’s examination of those kinds of conventions in user interfaces on desktops, smartphones and tablets may give us a glimpse into the future look of the devices we use.The concept of approximating real-world tools and interfaces on the screen is known as skeuomorphism, according to Sacha Greif, a French computer designer who currently resides in Osaka, Japan (which sounds much cooler than, say, a Hoosier living in Indiana).Greif recently wrote a compelling essay called “Flat Pixels,” which explains skeuomorphic design versus the up-and-coming trend of flat design. Greif lays out a great primer explaining what skeuomorphic design actually is, using the example of how many on-screen calculators are designed to look. Usually, just like their physical counterparts, even down the to “C” key in some cases.Button, Button, Who’s Got The Button?This is a type of design that I have commented on before to my students, only I didn’t know until I read Greif’s article what this design concept was called. In my case, when I explain the interface of Microsoft Excel or LibreOffice Calc, I describe for them the old spreadsheet books that accountants used to use, and how the modern-day spreadsheet applications mimic that with rows, columns, cells and worksheets.Skeuomorphic design, by Greif’s definition, attempts to mirror the physical functionality of a tool, even replicating physical items or characteristics that are no longer used all that much. Greif mentioned “radio buttons,” which is, if you’ll pardon the pun, a hot-button for me, because of the blank stares I get from my undergrads when I mention the term in class.When was the last time anyone even saw an actual radio button? I can’t remember my last time using one, though I miss the satisfying “ker-chunk” I’d hear when tuning into WLS-AM as a kid in the car. Yet, even in “modern” interfaces like Office 2010, radio buttons are still all over the place.Greif highlights elements of skeuomorphic design as opposed to the rising trend of flat design. In flat design, typography and minimalism take center stage over the functionality of real-world objects. Greif cites Windows 8’s Metro interface as a strong example of flat design and indeed, he might hopefully find our own design here at ReadWrite somewhere on the flat end of the design spectrum.Apple’s iOS has leaned heavily on skeuomorphism in the past, with added elements of what Greif describes as realism: The stitched-leather effect seen in many Apple-designed iOS apps is a good example of that, though in recent months Apple appears to be backing away from that kind of design approach. A very skeuomorphic and realist design.(See also Tim Cook Cleans House At Apple – Scott Forstall Is OutandWill Apple’s New Design Approach Kill The Luster Steve Jobs Loved?)The Interfaces AheadGreif takes care not to hold up one type of design over the other, pointing out the pros and cons of each flavor of interface. But he believes that flat design may have an edge in the near future, as it is particularly suited for mobile interfaces, and easier to code – something he believes all designers will have to do more of.“This is why I’ve been embracing flat design lately: not just as an aesthetic choice, but as a design exercise that forces me to shore up my weaknesses,” Greif concludes.If other designers feel the same way, then simpler, cleaner designs could be more prevalent in device interfaces moving forward.Of course, there are other design schools that don’t fall neatly into the skeuomorphic or flat schools of thought, so it won’t be all about flat. But given the current rebellion against skeuomorphism, I think it’s safe to say that interfaces will be moving away from digital-as-physical constructs for the time being.I, for one, will still miss the ker-chunk.Image courtesy of Shutterstock. Why You Love Online Quizzescenter_img brian proffitt Growing Phone Scams: 5 Tips To Avoid 7 Types of Video that will Make a Massive Impac…last_img read more

Nadal overwhelms del Potro, faces Anderson in US Open final

first_imgNonong Araneta re-elected as PFF president Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:36Manny Pacquiao part of 2019 SEA Games opening ceremony01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games Read Next Rafael Nadal, of Spain, reacts after beating Juan Martin del Potro, of Argentina, during the semifinals of the U.S. Open tennis tournament, Friday, Sept. 8, 2017, in New York. (AP Photo/Andres Kudacki)NEW YORK — Once Rafael Nadal went from passive to aggressive and got his uppercut of a forehand going, it didn’t take long for him to power into the U.S. Open final.Closing in on a third title at Flushing Meadows and 16th Grand Slam championship overall, Nadal overcame a so-so start with an overwhelming performance the rest of the way Friday night, taking nine games in a row during one stretch to beat 2009 champion Juan Martin del Potro 4-6, 6-0, 6-3, 6-2 in the semifinals.ADVERTISEMENT Save for a less-than-dominant opening set Friday, in which Nadal had nine winners and 10 unforced errors, he barely missed his targets. His numbers the rest of the way: 36 winners, 10 unforced errors.Eventually, Del Potro’s flat, fearsome forehand became less dangerous, as if he suddenly remembered just how weary he was. Dealing with an illness, del Potro came back from a two-set deficit to win his fourth-rounder in five sets, then got past 19-time major champion Federer in the quarterfinals in four. Maybe it was all too much for del Potro, whose one Grand Slam title came via wins over Nadal in the semifinals and Federer in the final in New York eight years ago.That was the last time Nadal lost in a major semifinal ; he’s now won 15 in a row. This time, the 24th-seeded del Potro actually edged ahead with the match’s first break, going up 3-2 in the first set when a backhand return caught the net tape and took a fortuitous roll over to Nadal’s side for a winner.That was greeted with a chorus of “Ole, ole, ole, ole! Del-po! Del-po!” for the popular Argentine, who would serve out that set, punctuating it with a forehand.Maybe that woke up Nadal, who wouldn’t again relinquish a game until he owned the second set and a 3-0 lead in the third. The next time del Potro served, Nadal finally earned his first break point with some fantastic defense, throwing himself to his left to somehow get back one massive forehand from del Potro, who — perhaps stunned that ball came back — sent his next forehand long.ADVERTISEMENT South African Kevin Anderson advances to US Open final E.T. returns to earth, reunites with grown-up Elliott in new ad  BSP sees higher prices in November, but expects stronger peso, low rice costs to put up fight LATEST STORIES LOOK: Loisa Andalio, Ronnie Alonte unwind in Amanpulo for 3rd anniversary Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. WATCH: Streetboys show off slick dance moves in Vhong Navarro’s wedding MOST READ By now, Nadal was pulling his own intimidating, topspin-lathered forehand up the line and attacking whenever del Potro left a ball short.It was quickly clear that the only doubt remaining was what the final score would be.“Just the fight to be in the final, and have a chance to fight for another title here, is so important for me,” Nadal said.Hours earlier, Anderson was so excited that he celebrated his semifinal victory as if it made him the champion, stepping on a chair and then a flower box to help him climb into his guest box in the stands.“I don’t know if it’s appropriate,” Anderson said. “It certainly felt the right thing to do.”Hip, leg and elbow injuries caused him to miss time this season. Ankle surgery, plus left knee, right shoulder and groin injuries were problems last year.He is appearing in his 34th major tournament and took advantage of a draw depleted by withdrawals of several top players, including past champions Novak Djokovic, Andy Murray and Stan Wawrinka.“It’s nice that some of them gave us a bit of a shot to make a run in this tournament,” Anderson said. No. 1 Nadal will be a significant favorite Sunday against No. 32 Kevin Anderson of South Africa, who beat Pablo Carreno Busta 4-6, 7-5, 6-3, 6-4 to become the lowest-ranked U.S. Open finalist since the ATP’s computer rankings began in 1973. The 6-foot-8 (2.03-meter) Anderson, who won an NCAA doubles title at the University of Illinois, is equipped with a big serve, certainly, but he only once had even been a quarterfinalist at a major until this week. He’s also lost all four previous matches against Nadal.Plus there’s this: Nadal looked as good as ever over the last three sets against del Potro, further confirmation of his return to the height of his powers. Nadal is again healthy and capable of excellence, after wrist and knee injuries dulled his effectiveness in 2015 and 2016 — the first seasons since 2004 in which he not only failed to win a Grand Slam trophy but didn’t even make a final.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“It’s been an amazing season, of course, after a couple of years with some troubles, injuries, tough moments,” Nadal said. “So this year, since the beginning has been a very emotional year.”He reached the Australian Open final in January, losing to Roger Federer, then claimed his record 10th French Open championship in June. Frontrow holds fun run to raise funds for young cancer patients  Fire hits houses in Mandaluyong City Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC View commentslast_img read more

Ravena shines as NLEX survives KIA; Magnolia rips Alaska

first_img8th Top Leaders Forum assessed the progress of public-private efforts in building climate and disaster resilient communities Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university PLAY LIST 01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City Do not bring these items in SEA Games venues Read Next View comments NLEX trailed big at the start as the Picanto played with so much purpose after being maligned for all of the offseason with questionable manpower movement, and the Road Warriors needed a critical four-point play from the veteran Larry Fonacier with 66 seconds left to gut out the win.Magnolia got 30 points from Paul Lee in the nightcap, with a 108-95 victory over Alaska putting the Hotshots in the company of the Road Warriors and three-time defending champion San Miguel Beer as opening match winners.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutAfter having just five full practices with the squad in his return from an MCL injury, Lee hit 11-of-14 field goal attempts, making all but two of eight triple tries, in leading the undermanned Magnolia crew.Calvin Abueva had 20 points, 15 rebounds and five assists for Alaska. Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH In search of a franchise player ever since taking over and overhauling the NLEX Road Warriors at the start of last season, coach Yeng Guiao has now found one in Kiefer Ravena.Coming up three rebounds short of a triple double, Ravena’s 18 points and 12 assists helped the Road Warriors pull out a 119-115 decision of KIA Picanto as NLEX—although in quite a rocky manner—got its Philippine Cup bid off on the right foot Wednesday night at San Juan Arena.ADVERTISEMENT BI on alert for illegally deployed OFWs to Iraq LATEST STORIES Cayetano: 4 social media groups behind SEA Games ‘sabotage’ MOST READ NLEX 119—Ravena 18, Miranda 14, Alas 14, Mallari 13, Fonacier 12, Al-Hussaini 12, Quinahan 12, Tiongson 11, Baguio 5, Soyud 4, Ighalo 4, Taulava 0.KIA PICANTO 115—Camson 24, McCarthy 14, Corpuz 13, Reyes 12, Galanza 12, Celda 9, Ababou 9, Khobuntin 8, Paniamogan 7, Tubid 4, Yee 3, Caperal 0.Quarters: 36-40, 64-68, 90-92, 119-115MAGNOLIA 108 — ALASKA 95MAGNOLIA 108—Lee 30, Gamalinda 15, Sangalang 13, Dela Rosa 10, Simon 9, Herndon 9, K. Pascual 9, Barroca 6, Melton 3, Ramos 2, Brondial 2.ALASKA 95—Abueva 20, Manuel 20, Teng 16, Casio 10, R. Pascual 7, Enciso 5, Exciminiano 5, Banchero 4, Thoss 3, J. Pascual 2, Cruz 2, Magat 1, Racal 0.Quarters: 21-26, 57-47, 87-74, 108-95 Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Asian shares slide on weak Japan data; US markets closed Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa Guiao maximized his bench, getting eight players in twin digits, and the Road Warriors will use this contest to fine-tune their game as they prepare to slug it out with the powerhouses in the league.“It was exactly what we expected, a hard game for us,” Guiao told reporters. “We will take this win how hard it came,” he went on. “We’re trying to build chemistry and we need to improve on a lot of things.”The 6-foot Ravena, a former college star with the Ateneo Blue Eagles, played just under 30 minutes and hit all five of his two-point attempts and 7-for-10 overall. His pro debut completely overshadowed that of his dad’s, former San Miguel Beer swingman Bong, who had just two points against Pepsi.Bong eventually went on to win the Rookie of the Year award in 1992 over Vergel Meneses.SCORESNLEX 119 — KIA 115ADVERTISEMENT Eala yields Jr Orange Bowl crown to top-ranked Czech foelast_img read more

9 months agoSouthampton boss Hasenhuttl: I want January signings

first_imgSouthampton boss Hasenhuttl: I want January signingsby Freddie Taylor9 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveSouthampton manager Ralph Hasenhuttl says the club are looking to sign players this month.Saints have already let Steven Davis and Manolo Gabbiadini leave, but Hasenhuttl has revealed he wants more activity before the end of January.”The squad is still a little bit too big for me,” Hasenhuttl said. “Sometimes there are 24 players and that makes it not possible to play 11 v 11 because there are three or four guys left out there.”We took a few young players into the squad, which I thought was necessary, because it helps us create a new hierarchy and bring in a few young, hungry players in.”It always helps to put a challenge on the older ones – it’s a good mix.”Our eyes are open and the transfer market at the moment is a little bit quiet. There were five or so players changing in the Premier League in January.”We will look for one in this transfer market for sure when and what position you will see and we will tell you.” TagsTransfersAbout the authorFreddie TaylorShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

Football Freshman JK Dobbins prepares for first run through the Big Ten

OSU freshman running back J.K. Dobbins (2) runs a play during the 2017 season opener vs Indiana. OSU won 49-21. Credit: Jack Westerheide | Photo EditorOut with the old and in with the new.As redshirt senior quarterback J.T. Barrett prepares for his final trip through the Big Ten, freshman running back J.K. Dobbins is set to establish his presence in the conference as the catalyst of Ohio State’s offense for years to come.And the Ohio State coaching staff couldn’t be more excited about the future of the first-year running back.“I kind of tempered my emotions with you guys early on because we’ve seen that since spring practice. He’s had a hell of a camp,” Meyer said after the Indiana game. “Not surprised at all [with his performance].”Dobbins’ career began in an almost storybook fashion. With Ohio State traveling to Bloomington, Indiana, to open up its season against Indiana, Dobbins was assigned the start at the last minute with redshirt sophomore Mike Weber dealing with a lingering hamstring injury that kept him out of the starting lineup. The game could not have gone much better for the freshman. He set an Ohio State record for most rushing yards by a true freshman in his debut with 181 rushing yards on 29 carries, adding 24 receiving yards on two catches. “I felt like I was going to do things that I did because I practiced against the best defense in college football every day and then I got a great offensive line,” Dobbins said after the game.Now just two weeks away from kicking off the remainder of the Big Ten season, Dobbins is one of the only offensive weapons the team can count on in conference play. He has undoubtedly been the most consistent performer for Ohio State’s offense this season as Barrett, the wide receivers, the tight ends and the backup running backs have been shaky in their first two games.Despite being so young, Dobbins has been hyped up by members of the coaching staff since his arrival in Columbus and expectations have been placed quite high for him.“This guy has picked it up faster than anybody I’ve ever been around in my 22 years as a true freshman,” running backs coach Tony Alford said on Aug. 18. “He’s picked it up, he understands the offense — the nuances of it — very, very quickly and he plays hard. He goes so hard at everything he does which is part of the culture of this program.”The coaches have praised all aspects of Dobbins’ game, citing his explosive speed, toughness barreling through the defensive line and ability to catch passes. But what has set Dobbins apart from other young running backs in the past is his ability to block.“I would like to think that the hardest thing for incoming freshmen running backs is pass protection,” Alford said. “Not only to protect it but where to go and where they fit and all the different protection schemes and understanding fronts and different blitzes.”So far this season, Dobbins has lived up to the hype. He is second on the team behind Barrett with his 276 all-purpose yards this year and has recorded more rushing yards (253) than the rest of the team combined. He has also accounted for 32 percent of the team’s chunk plays (15-plus yard pass or 10-plus yard rush) to this point, catching an 18-yard wheel route on the second play of his career and rushing seven times for more than 10 yards and gaining 20-plus yards on three occasions. With one loss already in the standings for Ohio State, the Buckeyes will need Dobbins to live up to the hype in his inaugural campaign if the offense is going to put up the points necessary to reach the College Football Playoff. read more